Dairy Farming is a part of Agriculture which encompasses breeding, raising of cattle like Buffalo, cows and which are used in production of milk.
India is the most populous country and has highest amount of consumption and production of milk in the world. Hence Career in Dairy Farming is lucrative. Let’s understand the career opportunities and eligibility and Courses and Salary in this Industry.
Career in Dairy Farming:
Dairy Farming was born to life in India after the White Revolution that was brought by Dr.Verghese Kurien. The Main aim of the initiative was to make India a huge hub of Milk Production by proper and efficient management of the Cattle. And today India is the World’s largest milk producer with more than 22% of world production.
Dairy farming gives us a varied options to work in this industry, one being a Veterinary doctor who’s involved in Breeding and taking care of the cattle.
Veterinary Science involves the study of treating and curing most of the animals and birds. And now there is huge scope for a veterinary doctor in India. As the younger generation are looking to raise more pets at their home.
Bachelor’s in Veterinary Science:
The person should be passed 12th standard from a state recognized college and should attain a minimum of 55% marks with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects.
NEET, TS EMCET, AP EMCET, Indian Veterinary Research institute exam, Kerala Agricultural University Exam are some of the entrance exams for the entry into the Veterinary course in India.
The B.Sc (Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry is a 5.5 year program which includes 1.5 year of rural service. The Veterinary graduate can even do Master’s in to enhance their Knowledge to a greater extent.
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The Colleges that offer Veterinary courses in India are;
- Mahatma Gandhi Veterinary College – (Hyderabad)
- Indian Veterinary Research Institute – (Uttar Pradesh)
- College of veterinary sciences – (Hisar)
- Hyderabad Veterinary College – (Hyderabad)
- Acharya NG Ranga University – (Hyderabad)
Fees for the Veterinary Science course depends on the college which we are willing to study at; some of the college fees are shown below,
- Mahatma Gandhi Veterinary University Rs 275000/-
- Apollo College of Veterinary Medicine Rs 65,740/-
- MB Veterinary College Rs 65,740/-
Salary of the Veterinary Doctor depends upon the sector he is into, the private sector doctor earns based on his experience and the Company he is working. The Government Veterinary Doctor who starts his career as Junior Veterinary Doctor in Government health centers and gets 10,000 to 15,000 and some one who has his own practice can get 150/- to 200/- per patient.
The Veterinary doctor who gets a Government job in state government under the Ministry of Animal Husbandry they are allotted a specific village and health centre and can work with the farmers and residents there by providing the service needed in treating the cattle in respective with Breeding, Food and diseases that attack cattle with change in climate.
Other graduate course which has much demand is the Dairy Technology and has a bright future in India,
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#1 Dairy Technology: It is technology which is science and engineering field and deals with milk processing and preservation. This Technology helps in understanding how to develop new techniques in production, preservation of the dairy products and increasing the shelf life of Milk Products.
There are colleges that offer this course in both undergraduate level and post graduate level as well.
- Undergraduate: Person looking to join in the undergraduate course should be passed in 12th standard with science subject with min 50% of marks.
- Post Graduation: Person looking to join the post graduate course should have completed the Dairy technology in their graduation level with Min 50%-60% of Marks.
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B Tech Courses of Dairy Technology:
Dairy development, Milk Management, Dairy chemistry, Dairy Engineering, Dairy Cattle nutrition, Dairy Economics, Dairy Cattle Physiology being the main focused area of Knowledge.
M Tech Courses of Dairy Technology include:
Steam Refrigeration Engineering, Advances in Dairy Microbiology, Advances in Dairy Processing, Advances in Dairy Chemistry, Dairy Plant Instrumentation and process, Dairy Plant Management, Quality Assurance.
Job Roles after completion of Dairy Technology are:
#1 Dairy Technologist: This person is responsible for developing new effective methods for production, preservation and using of dairy products.
#2 Dairy Nutritionist: This person is responsible for the management of diet to the cattle in order to make them more productive and effective.
#3 Dairy Scientist: Dairy Production Manager: This is the person who manages everything in and out from the finances of purchasing and selling and keep the farm afloat.
#4 Dairy Manager: This is the person who handles the labour force in effectively taking care of the farm and keeping the farm hygienic. He also takes care of the making of feed and managing the herd as well.
#5 Farm Manager: Farm Manger takes care of overall farm which includes other animals and there feeding and finances too.
#6 Quality Control Officer: The Quality Control officer is a person who ensures that quality is maintained in the farm and in the produce of the animals.
Thus the Dairy Technology has huge market for the people who are graduated from this course in the above job roles. There are many privates companies which employ in such job roles like Amul, Vijaya Dairy, Heritage, Arogya, Nestle, Mother Dairy, Hatsun and many others.
There are also few more diploma courses which can also get you a good private job;
#1 Dairy Microbiology: This is a study of Micro organisms that are in milk and products produced from the milk.
#2 Food Technology: Food Science is a study of preservation, production, quality control and development of healthy foods.
#3 Genetics and Breeding: This is a study which is concerned with maximizing desirable genetic traits which are good in producing milk.
#4 Quality Control: This is a study to maintain the quality of the produced milk and taking care of the fat content in the milk.
The Dairy Industry is also industry gives you to be a self made entrepreneur. There are many engineers and marketing professionals who invest a certain amount and set up their own farms with a few cattle.
The Dairy Business as lucrative it looks is also a business where you have to work with huge commitment and hard work because it’s not just grazing a herd of animals but have to take care of proper nutritious feed so that they can produce a good amount of milk with proper fat content.
An Aspiring Entrepreneur has to look at few objectives before starting;
- Land Required
- Right breed of Cattle
- Right Fodder for cattle
- Research of Local market
Thus have to clearly look for the above objectives and start working hard with determination and do the own marketing as that yields good margins.
The Dairy farming has a bright future in India given the enormous population which consumes milk both in cities and villages. The people in city are used to consume the processed and packed milk which has led to huge dairy plants in and around the city which has a chance for huge employment opportunities with the above given job roles.