Aatma nirbhar Bharat, or self-reliant India, is a Hindi term formulated by the Indian Prime Minister during Pandemic-2019. While COVID-19 spread its wings globally, Mr. Narendra Modi brought his vision ‘Aatma nirbhar Bharat’ to life. The Prime Minister insisted on starting production of all mandatory items locally to make India a country reliant on its own.
Below in this article, we have provided an Aatma nirbhar Bharat essay in English for class 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th. We will further discuss all the aspects of Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (Self-Reliant India Campaign). It will help the young students understand the concept and the deep analysis on the same.
Essay on Aatma Nirbhar Bharat in English- 500 words
While everyone was fighting with one of the biggest Pandemics, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi brought his vision to life. On 12th May 2020, Narendra Modi announced the Aatma nirbhar Bharat concept while addressing the country amid the coronavirus pandemic. He addressed that the current Pandemic status has made us realize self-sufficiency is the only path for development. The concept got mixed reviews as some stated it as progressive while others as claptrap.
As the ancient Greek philosopher, Plato said, Necessity is the mother of invention, Aatma nirbhar Bharat stands true. With the introduction of Aatma nirbhar Bharat, PM announced a package of 20 lakhs crore. The package is meant to revive the Indian economy and address the issues affecting various sections of people. Twenty lakhs crore is almost 10% of Indian GDP.
After the announcement of Aatma nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, several discussions were held around various ministries. These discussions were meant to spur growth and build a self-reliant India.
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What is the main motto of Aatma nirbhar Bharat?
Aatma nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, in simple words, means ‘of India, in India and by India.’ It aims to give preference and promote indigenous products. Further, the campaign aims to ensure such products should match their imported counterparts both in quality and cost. Aatma nirbhar Bharat or self-reliant does not necessarily mean self-reliant but globalization of local Indian industries.
Even before introducing the Aatma nirbhar Bharat Campaign in 2020, PM Narendra Modi brought up this word several times. During 2014, since his presidential campaigns, Narendra Modi has addressed the importance and impact of Aatma nirbhar Bharat through his conversation and speeches.
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How and why is the Aatma nirbhar Bharat Campaign important?
Aatma nirbharta or Self-reliance is a positive word and is important for an individual, a family, or a nation. Some who are self-reliant will not depend on others and will independently help themselves in own. Self-reliance is a great quality for both individuals or nations.
Indian is a prosperous country when it comes to resources, skills, and talent. From smallest to the greatest items, we produce a lot of things inside the country, and in the best quality. Hence, if the youth of the country is skilled and makes the best out of resources, within no time, we will reach our goals of Aatma nirbhar Bharat.
India is a country filled with youths. However, there is a shortage of skills and enthusiasm amongst them. While most of the employment opportunities are present in urban cities, the youths from rural areas fail to find even a mode of earning. The quality of the job in contrast to the set of skills and employment is unmatchable. However, with the Aatma nirbhar Bharat campaign in focus, even the deprived population who cannot access the urban pace will be able to make a living.
What are the Five pillars of Aatma nirbhar Bharat?
The Five pillars of Aatma nirbhar Bharat focus on the following components:
- Economy: This pillar basically targets quantum jumps in the economy instead of incremental changes.
- Infrastructure: This pillar aims to generate maximum employment in the infrastructural. By forming adaptable and effective policies, it will support India in growing the infrastructural field.
- System: This pillar is all about the technology-driven system. It aims to inform policies that will help Indian in growing within the technology domain.
- Vibrant Demography: This pillar utilizes the skills, resources, and needs of different sections within the society. With that, it will eventually help in empowering the demographic diversity of the country.
- Demand: This pillar simply works on the policy of demand and supply. In other words, it will help in expediting the demand-supply chain.
What are the Five Phases of the Aatma nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan?
- Phase-I: Businesses including MSMEs
This phase includes financial packages that will cater to laborers, businesses, industries, and others.
- Phase-II: Poor, including migrants and farmers
During this phase, the government will aim to provide direct support to the poor, including migrant workers, daily wage workers, and farmers.
- Phase-III: Agriculture
The government will release financial packages and emergency working capital. It will get released via National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
- Phase-IV: New Horizons of Growth
This phase is all about fast-track investment clearance and policy reforms.
- Phase-V: Government Reforms and Enablers
This phase will help in easing down healthcare development and business via online education and technology-driven measures.
Benefits and Impact of the Aatma nirbhar Bharat Campaign
Even though it has not been very long since the Aatm nirbhar Bharat Campaign spread its wings, there are several results still seen. While before March 2020 when India had nearly zero Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Kits production.
Today the country has a local capacity of producing over 2 lakh PPE kits on a daily basis. Along with that, India has also paced up with developing its own Covid testing kits. The recent development is visible in the Covid-19 vaccination scenario. India is amongst the leading countries that are successfully running the vaccination drive. More than half of the 18+ individuals in the country have got their first dose.
Not only that, but India also produced its own Covid-19 vaccination, named Covaxin. Institutions like the Indian council of medical research, Bharat Biotech, and the National Institute of Virology approved Covaxin in the first week of January 2021. Recent developments on ZyCov-Di, India’s first mRNA vaccine, are also speculated.
Apart from the Covid centric development, the defense ministry of India is also focusing upon the production of weapons. The position of India in the World Bank increased to 63 then of 142 in 2014.
With the vocal for local motive, India will save immensely on foreign exchange and even save more by promoting its export.
Focusing on both impact and benefits, the Aatma nirbhar Bharat is nurturing India and its self-reliance in true form.
The long-term benefits of Aatma nirbhar Bharat
While the short-term benefits of Aatma nirbhar bharat have begun showing, there are several long-term benefits still to glow. The campaign aims to support small and medium enterprises in the country along with the manufacturing sector. With that, the government is holding a vision of growing the Indian economy to 5 trillion by 2025.
Along with that, the newly launched PM e-vidya program is helping in strengthening the education system. Even while the country was/is in lockdown, online classes amongst all education groups ensured uninterrupted teaching-learning. Also, the expenditure on the health sector increased, aiming to make India self-sufficient for upcoming challenging like the COVID-19 pandemic.
Challenges and Criticism
With all the good sides, there are several challenges as well that may come in the way of the Aatma nirbhar Bharat campaign.
One of the major criticisms includes the Aatma nirbhar Bharat campaign being way too similar to the Make in India Campaign. Several critics argued that the same package had been presented with a new name.
One of the most ignored segments in the Aatma nirbhar Bharat campaign is urban employment.
As per critics, the funding is quite similar to the general budget. This way, there is nothing extraordinary associated with the special budget.
As per critics, the package may not stand enough to revive the economy, let alone the 5 trillion goals.
The Aatma nirbhar Bharat campaign promises inclusive growth and development. Within a short time, India has speed up towards becoming self-reliant. The governing party is taking all possible measuring in launching beneficiary schemes while bringing them to life. However, despite the promises, there’s still a long way to go.