Indian movies have crafted many Hero roles as the police officer with Khaki Domination, who always comes to the rescue of people from the evil villain. Indian youth has always fantasized to put on the dominant khaki uniform and serve as a police officer. When you think of Police officer one of the rank that comes to mind is DSP.
DSP stands for Deputy Superintendent of Police. The candidate who has successfully qualified in the entrance test conducted by the state government through State Public Service Commission can become DSP.
In this article let’s know the complete information about who is DSP, how to become DSP, role and responsibilities, exam and the syllabus, salary, what are the other ways to become DSP. So buckle up, and let’s bounce into the article.
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Who is Deputy Superintendent of Police?
Deputy Superintendent of Police or DSP is the highest ranked officer in police department controlled by state govt. He is the officer who works under SP or Superintendent of Police. And he works towards enforcement of the law to maintain the civic rights of people, and to keep law and order under control.
Rank of DSP Police Department:
The DSP or Deputy Superintendent of Police is the rank in Police Department allotted to the police officers who work in the state department, who has qualified in the State public service examination and deputed as DSP, and also the DSP rank can be attained to the personnel who had their entry at the Sub-Inspector level or the Inspector level and who grows from there in their career and get promoted to the DSP of certain Jurisdiction.
Responsibilities of DSP
DSP works under the guidance of the SP.
- DSP takes care of law and order in complete district that he is assigned to work
- He takes care that the civic rights are under scrutiny
- He visits every police station under his jurisdiction and keeps an eye on them 24*7
- He also understands and investigates the crimes that happen in the society, keeps a watch on such petty crimes, so that they aren’t repeated.
- He works in alignment with all the below subordinates so that every thing is in harmony.
- He also closely watches the security of the politicians by providing them required force and battalion
- He works with the other higher officials who are IPS officers who are working as DGP or DCP or Commissioner.
Subordinates below the Deputy Superintendent of Police
The State department of Police has a specific hierarchy which can be divided into types: Lower Subordinate and Upper Subordinate
- Sepoy/Home guard
- Constable (CT)
- Head Constable(HC)
- Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police
- Sub Inspector of Police
- Inspector of Police
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How to Become DSP or Deputy Superintendent of Police After 12th?
- The person wishing to become the DSP has to complete his 12th from any of the stream either Maths, Science, or Commerce background with min 55% of marks.
- After completion of 12th they should be get graduated with a degree from any stream like BA/BS.c/B tech/B Com/BBA/BE/BA LLB from a recognized UGC university or UGC approved college.
- The person should have a minimum age of 21 by the time he attends the exam.
- The person should have a maximum age of 30 by the time he attends the exam.
- There is a age relaxation of 5 years for SC/ST and OBC Candidates.
Unlike the Civil Services Examination the candidate can give any number of attempts to the public service commission exam conducted by the state as long he is qualified through the age limits
Physical Requirements for DSP
- Height: Minimum 168cms for Men and 155cms for women
- Weight: According to the height and age of the candidate
- Chest: Minimum 84cms and Chest expansion of 5cms
- Eye Sight: 6/6 or 6/9 for distant good vision
Entrance Exam for DSP
The person with above qualifications can write the entrance test conducted by Public Service Commission,
Telangana State Public Service Commission, AP State Public Services Commission are the few service commissions which act independent with that of center’s Union Public Service Commission.
The Public Service Commission of any state in India conducts different exams based on the government posts and qualification required to achieve it. They can be divided as,
Group 1, Group 2, Group 3, Group 4
Process of Selection of DSP
The person wishing to become the DSP should undergo the Group 1 Exam conducted by the State Public Service commission exam. Which is divided into:
- Preliminary Written Examination
- Physical test
Preliminary written examination is conducted in three phases
The Prelims Examination covers all important subjects like English, General Studies, Economy, History, Current affairs and many others. Let’s go through one by one.
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Prelims are divided into two parts one is General Studies and Mental ability.
- International Events and relations
- Environmental Issues
- Disaster management
- Indian History and Heritage
- Economic and social development
- Indian Polity and constitution
- Governance and policies
- General science with India’s achievement in recent technologies
- Current affairs in regional, International
- Culture, Society, Arts, Language
- Analyzing skills
- Interpretation skills
- Analytical skills
The prelims paper will have 150 questions and awarded 1 mark for each question,
Time given to complete will be 2 hours 30 min.
Once the candidate clears the Prelims examination he has to attend the Mains Examination. Let’s see the Syllabus of Mains Paper.
Mains paper comprises of six papers
- General Essay
- Constitution and Governance
- General English
- History, Geography, and culture
- Indian Society, Governance, and constitution
- Economy and development
- Science and technology
So, the Mains will consist of 6 papers and last paper differs from state to state
Marks allotted for the Exam:
- Mains Exam comprises of total 900 marks
- All the 6 papers will be awarded a total 150 marks and the exam duration is of 3 hours.
The Person who qualifies in the Mains will attend the interview which comprises of 100 marks.
The person who qualifies in this exam has an opportunity to select other posts too, along with DSP depending on the vacant post like:
- Commercial Tax officer
- District Panchayat Officer
- Assistant Audit Officer
- Assistant Treasury officer
- District Tribal officer
- District employment Officer
- Assistant Commissioner of labour
This are the some of the other posts that people can select once qualifying this exam in merit.
- Indian Polity – Laxamikanth
- Brief History of Modern India – Spectrum’s
- Yogana Magazine for Current affairs
- Group 1 Previous papers – MC Reddy Publications
- Atlas is also important
- Best way to start your preparation for the Public service commission exam is by understanding complete syllabus, which helps you to plan and study with focus.
- When you start preparing the general studies it is important to concentrate about the current affairs with national and international importance, Current affairs should be in line with thesyllabus of Mains paper.
- The study hours depend on student to student and there is no defined hours of study.
- Newspaper reading should be given prime importance and should attain in depth
- Knowledge about every ongoing Government policy, Climate changes etc.
Salary Of DSP
The Salary of Deputy Superintendent of Police starts from 15,600/- to 39,000/- along with the grade pay of 5400/-
Candidate who has been working as the DSP for 8-10 years are most probably going to become the IPS officers, and will hold charge accordingly.
The above shown is the complete process of how to become a DSP by completing the given entrance exam and qualifying the interview.
Promotion to DSP from Inspector Level
Deputy Superintendent of Police is also selected from the cadre of Inspectors, who have super track record without any black marks like corruption cases in their career.
Selection Process of Inspector:
To get selected in to the Inspector cadre the candidates should give a written examination, Let’s look into that exam pattern, syllabus, age limit, physical standards to get qualified as a Inspector.
The recruitment process for the Inspector level is done by the concerned State Recruitment Board,
- Candidates age should between 21-25 for the cadet sub-inspector trainee,
- Age relaxation of 5 years for SC/ST or BC
- Age relaxation of 5 years NCC Cadet Corps instructor and who has done 6 months as instructor.
- Age relaxation of 3 years for Ex- Servicemen
Candidate should be graduated from any stream of degree like BA/BS.c/B Com/B Tech/BBA and should be passed out from the recognized college or university.
All the candidates who have applied for the post should give a preliminary examination,
The exam will be for 200 marks and will have only one paper and carried out for 3 hours of duration. The exam consists of Arithmetic test and Reasoning test as well as general studies.
Physical Efficiency Test:
Candidate selected should go through a physical efficiency test which being,
- 100 meters run in 15sec
- Long Jump 3.80mtrs
- Shot put (7.2kgs) 5.60mtrs
- High Jump 1.20mtrs
- 800mtrs run 170 seconds
Final Written Test:
Final written test consists of the English, Urdu, Arithmetic/reasoning and general studies which comprises of 400 marks.
Based on the merit the candidate is selected who tops in all the three divisions of entrance exams.
Thus the candidate is selected and deputed as Sub-inspector and can be promoted to the post of DSP after few years.
Thus the candidates looking to join the police forces without attempting the Union Public Service Commission Conducted Civil Services Exam they can join as the DSP and can have equal perks and benefits as that of the IPS officers.
This also gives you a opportunity to work in your state and understand the culture and people well in order to maintain peace.
DSP also works for the welfare of the people by holding down the crime rate in his jurisdiction, and some candidates also get opportunity to become the higher ranks than the DSP when the state government brings in some new policies.