When an interviewer asked A. P. J Abdul Kalam, how do what people remember you? He replied, as a teacher, because teacher is one of them most respectable profession in our society.
So, you’re here in a quest to become a teacher after completing 12th class? Spare some time and read this small write-up till end of the article to know teacher training courses available.
Before choosing teacher as a career, remember you’re taking a noble profession which can put great impact on the lives of future of the nation i.e. students. You’ll get to know eligibility criteria, different courses and salary scope for primary teacher or high school teacher.
Depending on responsibilities of salary of teacher will be decided and may vary from one state to other. If you’re going into a reputed school, then you can expect good pay check. However, for that you too need to have enough hold on the subject with handful of experience in teaching.
Also Read: How to Become a Pilot After 12th Commerce?
Why no one wants to be a teacher in India?
Above lines that I mentioned above teachers aren’t false. But, its true that in India very less percentage of students opt to become school teacher. I personally think, salary is the main reason why many youngsters aren’t interested in teaching. About 3.74 lakh teacher’ posts are vacant according to a report. (1)
Thankfully, you’re interested.
Am not exaggerating, but as a teacher you can actually change the entire society. You can put values back in the society that are vanished right now. Well, am sure you aren’t here to read a motivational article. Without any ado let’s dive into the essential things to become a teacher in India.
Eligibility to Become a Teacher
If you’re looking to become a private school teacher, then a graduation with more than 60% percentage is essential. However, this can be different with some schools in your locality.
Professionally, at least you’ll need to complete bachelor’s degree in B.Ed (you can choose the stream depending on your interest). Apart from this, you can also increase the degree level with M.Ed on the same subject.
Can you become a teacher after completing 12th?
To become a professional teacher, first you must have BA (Bachelors of Arts), B.Com (Bachelors of Commerce) or B.Sc (Bachelors of Science) or any equivalent graduation to join B.Ed (Bachelors of Education).
After completing B.Ed you can do M.Ed as mentioned above or you can stop studies and become a teacher.
If you’re looking to become a teacher after completing 12th, then you can join D.Ed (Diploma in Education) course for 2 years. People with D.Ed will be considered as primary school teacher in both private and government schools.
Check this Out: How to Become IAS Officer After 12th?
Teaching Training Courses After 12th
As mentioned above, you must complete graduation to do become teacher in India. If you don’t to complete 12th, then you can directly join D.Ed mentioned above and become a primary teacher.
#1 (BA + B.Ed Integrated course)
As B.Ed is a post graduation program, it takes much time to complete this teaching training course. So, government came up with this dual degree both Bachelors of Arts and Bachelors of Education. You can select your subjects depending on your choice.
Duration: 4 years
Eligibility to join this degree: 10+2 (12th class) with atleast 50% percentage of marks. This may differ from college to college.
After completing this degree you can appear for TET (State Teacher Eligibility Test) or CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) conducted by state and center for government teaching staff.
#2 B.Sc + B.Ed Integrated Course
Before, students used to do B.Ed after completing B.Sc, however now you can directly join B.Sc + B.Ed integrated course to become teacher after completing 12th.
If you’ve completed B.Sc then you can join B.Ed after writing entrance exam conducted by your state board to become a teacher after 12th science.
Duration for integrated course is 4 years.
If you’ve completed diploma in education (D.Ed) then you can directly join this integrated courses (B.Sc + B.Ed and BA + B.Ed) in 2nd year.
#3 D.EL.Ed (Diploma in Elementary Education)
Right after completing 12th class you can join D.Ed course to become a primary teacher in private and government school. This course helps you to be trained in teaching primary school students.
#4 B.P.Ed (Bachelors of Physical Education)
Education isn’t just about reading. Students need time to play, so a physical teacher has responsibility to train students in sports.
This undergraduate program will help you to know above different techniques that are useful to maintain fitness. Depending on the University this degree duration can vary from 3-4 years.
Duration: 2-4 years
Eligibility: Must have passed 12th class with at least 50% percentage of marks. This may vary from university to university.
Job profile for teacher with B.P.Ed is very huge. He/she can be a coach, trainer, sport journalist or yoga trainer. You can check more about this course here.
#5 B.EL.Ed (Bachelors of Elementary Education)
It may look similar to D.EL.Ed but it takes 4 years to complete this course. Bachelors of Elementary Education will train you to become a primary teacher in government or private school.
Duration: 4 years. 3+1(practice session)
Eligibility: 10+2 of any stream.
#6 DPE (Diploma in Physical Education)
As the name suggests it’s an undergraduate diploma degree in physical education. After 12th class you need to appear for entrance exam, based on that you’ll get admission into DPE course.
Duration: 2 years
Eligibility: 10+2 of any stream.
Teacher Course After 12th Commerce, Science or Arts?
If you didn’t skip above content, then you might have the answer. However, to sum up the whole thing you can read this one paragraph.
If you’re looking to join teacher training course immediately after completing 12th, then you can join B.Sc + B.Ed or B.A + B.Ed integrated courses. This way you can do your graduation and get trained for teaching in private or government school.
Instead of this, you can directly join D.Ed (D.El.Ed) or B.El.Ed after 10+2 to become primary teacher. This way you can only eligible to teach for primary or elementary school children.
After B.Ed Course
You can get more knowledge on the particular subject by completing degree in M.Ed (Master of Education), M.Phil, M.Sc or MA Education.
Depending on your teacher training courses you can get placed as primary school teacher or high school teacher. To get a job in government you need to appear for CTET or TET exams and get placed in central or state government schools. Salary for teachers may differ from state to state and school to school. If you’ve ability to teach and empower students with your values, then go for it money will follow you once you get enough experience.