In order to become an HR Manager, it is necessary that one completes graduation before applying for the managerial role. In some cases, companies or organizations look for candidates with a Master’s degree as well.
In some cases, in order to pursue graduation in HR Management, the interested students will first need to qualify an entrance exam and then apply for the colleges offering graduation courses in HR Management. Well, there are institutions which provide admissions into the graduation courses based on merit.
There are several Diploma programs as well offered in HR Manager after 12th. One can study Diploma in HRM as well which is a 1 year course. But for managerial roles, graduation becomes essential.
An HR Manager is the one who is responsible for the integration and coordination of activities between different people in the organization from various backgrounds.
The successes and failures of a company are directly related to how well the company can handle the human resource. It is not important what quantity of professionals are hired each year, it becomes rather important to retain most of the hired talented professionals to keep the company growing towards its strategic goals.
For an effective functioning of an organization, the organization should have a very good Human Resource Management in place.
So, an HR Manager in a company has a lot of responsibilities in a company which include, acquiring, training, appraising, recognizing, rewarding and ensuring a safe, healthy and an ethical environment for its employees.
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An HR Manager has several important roles and responsibilities in a company. We have enlisted a few of them below :
- They need to conduct a job analysis which means the HR Manager needs to study each and every role and requirement of a company
- They have to check and plan on how much manpower is needed in a company.
- Select and recruit suitable candidates for each role in a company.
- Provide training and orientation programs to its employees as and when needed.
- They need to calculate the pay scale for each employee.
- They will also need to calculate the benefits and incentives to be offered to the employees based on their performances
- They will need to interact with the employees often and help them with counselling when they are in need.
- They are required to get timely feedbacks from the employees about the company and work culture etc in order to help the company grow towards its strategic organizational goals.
Apart from all the above roles, the HR Manager also needs to have knowledge about ethical treatment of employees, health and safety measures in place for employees and also will need to address certain grievances of employees and also needs to work on encouraging good labour relations in the company.
How to become HR Manager after 12th Commerce & Science?
There are many ways to start a career as an HR Manager in India. There are many courses offered at different levels for Human Resource Management in India starting from Diploma to Doctoral courses.
Well, if you are interested in wrapping up your studies within a short period of time after 12th, you may choose a Diploma course in HR Management. Diploma in HR Management is a 1 year course. In this course, you will be able to learn several skills that can make you a good HR Manager within a short period of time..
However, a Diploma in HR Management is not as valuable as the graduation courses offered in HR Management such as BBA(Bachelor of Business Administration in Human Resource) or any Bachelor degree in Human Resource Management.
Bachelor of Business Administration(BBA) is a graduation course for 3 years. You may be required to qualify an entrance exam depending on the institution you are applying for. In some colleges, a student will be eligible to apply and get admission even based on his/her merit.
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A student aspiring to become an HR Manager in India can choose any of the following courses offered in India in Human Resource Management starting from Diploma courses to Doctoral(Phd) programs.
Diploma courses :
- Diploma in HR Management
Graduation Courses :
- BBA in HRM : Bachelor of Business Administration in Human Resource Management
- BMS : Bachelor of Management Studies
- BBM : Bachelor of Business Management.
- BBS : Bachelor of Business Studies.
- BBA Hons : Bachelor of Business Administration Honours.
- B.Com Hons : Bachelor of Commerce Honours.
- BA in HRM: Bachelor of Arts in Human Resource Management etc.
Post Graduate Diploma Courses :
- PGDM in HRM : Post Graduate Diploma in Human Resource Management.
- PGPM : Post Graduate Program in Management.
- PGDBM : Post Graduate Diploma in Business Management.
- PGDBA : Post Graduate Diploma in Business Administration.
- PGDFM :Post Graduate Diploma in Finance Management.
- Executive MBA (e-MBA) Program etc.
Post Graduate Courses :
- MA in HRM :Master of Arts in Human Resource Management.
- MBA in HR : Master of Business Administration in Human Resource etc.
Doctoral Courses :
- Phd in Human Resource Management.
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- Bachelor of Business Administration(BBA) : If you are aspiring to get into the management roles in a company in the future, BBA will be one of the best choices for a graduation course to learn about managing skills in an organization. This gives a student a very good foundation to start with as a management student.
- Bachelor of Management Studies(BMS) : A BMS course concentrates more on the logical and analytical part unlike BBA which concentrates mainly on the management part of the studies.
- Bachelor of Business Management(BBM) : BBM is a management course which offers many specializations in Operations, Finance, Marketing, Human Resource etc unlike BBA.
- Bachelor of Business Studies(BBS) : BBS is fairly similar to BBS.
An aspiring candidate interested in pursuing a bachelor’s degree in Human Resource Management should have completed 10+2 with a minimum of 50% aggregate and will need to qualify an entrance exam such as IPU CET, NPAT, BHU UAT, UGAT, IPMAT etc depending upon the institution he/she is applying for.
There are Diploma courses as well offered in Human Resource Management which can be pursued after 12th.
- Diploma in Human Resource Management : Students will learn about the fundamental skills of management which greatly helps them in managing the Human Resource effectively thereafter.
- Diploma in Business Administration : Students will be trained to industry standards in various fields of Management such as : Public Management, Human Resource Management, Economic, Supply Chain Management etc.
There are some valuable Certification Courses you may want to pursue so that it adds more value and weightage to your profile.
We have listed a few of the important ones below.
- Professional in Human Resources(PHR).
- Senior Professional in Human Resources(SPHR).
- Certified Professional in Learning and Performance(CPLP).
- Society for Human Resource Management Certified Professional(SHRM-CP).
Managerial values are critical forces that shape the architecture of an organization as contended by the early scholars England, Dhingra and Agarwal in 1974.
Human Resource Management in India integrates both Personnel Management(PM) and Human Resource Development. It deals with employee satisfaction and their development as well.
As a fresher in Human Resource Management, you may work as a staff coordinator, HR assistant, associate or a representative. As you grow up the ladder of valuable experience in Human Resource Management, you may start working as an HR Manager, HR Director, Staffing Manager, Safety Manager, Employee Relations Manager etc and the list goes on.
There are a lot of opportunities available for an HR Manager in India. Good HR Managers with a good experience in handling the resources in a company are in great demand in India and abroad. So, a career in HRM happens to be exciting and promising!
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The salary of an HR Manager in India varies between 6.8 lakh per annum to 21 lakh per annum depending upon his/her performance and experience.
The requirement for good HR Managers in India is quite large as many companies, MNCs and government organizations are working towards efficient management of their resources and are looking for reliable business processing services.
It is a highly rewarding career with relatively good salary packages, benefits and incentives.
As discussed earlier, an HR Manager has many roles to play in an organization in order to help the organization reach greater heights in the near future. These roles encourage one to develop good observational skills, analytical skills, logical skills and management skills in handling the available resources in a company.
As an HR Manager progresses in his career he is known to evolve in a way he is able to skillfully and tactfully manage every role both in his professional life and his personal life, which in itself is rewarding!